It goes without saying that people all over the world have found it necessary to create warm bedding. In different places, people have used different methods to fill this need. Europeans have created large, fluffy duvets filled with down and feathers. Mountain builders in Central and South America have developed a way to make colorful, tightly woven blankets. In Appalachia, craftsmen, mostly women, have developed a rich history of quilting that involves traditional patterns and thoughtful, labor-intensive needlework. In the Indian state of Rajasthan, quilt makers have developed a tradition of making a warm, snuggly, lightweight quilt called a "Jaipuri razai." Although the name seems exotic to anglophones, the translation is quite simple. "Jaipuri" means "coming from Jaipur", the capital Rajasthan and "razai" simply means "quilt".
A Jaipuri razai is unique both to its craft and its functionality. First, the craftsmen in handmade these beautiful blankets use the traditional textile manufacturing capabilities of cotton cardboard, cotton paper and quilting. Cotton carding is the process of preparing cotton to use as cotton filling in a quilt. For short cotton, a worker uses two shorter ones. The jackets are convex paddles covered with small, fine teeth. The worker loads the gears by placing cotton fibers on one of the gears. Then, the worker gently pulls the second carrier over the face of the first several times, changing the position of the Velcro from horizontal to vertical. When carding, the cotton ball is exposed and removed. "Dross" is simply waste material. The removed dross leaves soft, fine, fine cotton fibers. In a typical Jaipuri razai, the worker starts with a kilo (2.2 pounds) of cotton and works at carding it for a whole week. After full carding of the cotton, the worker is left with only 100 grams of cotton used to fill the duvets. The lighter and more fluffy cotton filling, the warmer and cozier cloth will be.
When the filling is ready, the craftsmen continue to make the blankets. It is important to cook the cotton evenly through the cushion. This is another feature of the handmade cloth that gives it its warmth. The covers of the covers are usually a high quality soft cottonless. Cotton voile is a lightweight, gauzy cotton fabric with a soft, smooth surface. The softness of the voile adds to the neat, cozy nature of the comforter. Sometimes the quilt uses a velvet cover instead of cotton-less.
After filling, the quilt is filled together. Of course, in the times, the quilt makers made all the stitches with a handheld needle. However, modern dolls use a sewing machine to sew the sides of the duvets together. The machine-stitched sides increase the durability of the pad. Quilters then use a runner on the inside of the cover panels to keep the filling in place and add to the skin's beauty. All this work, from carding to filling to quilting, is usually done by craftsmen whose families have practiced these skills for generations.
The function of Jaipuri razai is as important as the craftsman who goes into doing it. Although this type of quilt is handmade, soft and snuggly, one should not get the impression that it is sensitive. These quilts are actually quite durable. This is not surprising when you take into account the history and geography of the region that these covers originate in. Rajasthan is located in northwestern India. Rajasthan is bordered by Pakistan, and includes Aravalli Mountain Range and Thar (Great Indian Desert). Throughout Rajasthan, the terrain is unpleasant and the weather can become bitterly cold, especially at night. Traditionally, Rajasthanis was often on its way. Shepherds, merchants, soldiers and warriors, itineraries and others traveling by camel caravan were in need of a cap to wear with those who would keep them warm during the cold desert evenings and still be easy to carry. So the craftsmen had necessarily created a lid that was as durable and comfortable to wear as it was warm and comfortable to use. This quilt style suited its environment so well that it has been going on for centuries and continues to be used today. It is an interesting example of a common object whose properties are a reflection both of the environment in which it was developed and of the needs it was intended to meet.